TITLE 18 OF THE UNITED STATES CODE / (WHICH INCLUDES SOCIAL SECURITY)
Wikipedia / ssa.gov
Title 18 of the United States Code
Part I - Crimes
- Chapter 1: General Provisions
- This chapter consists of General Provisions. §1 is repealed. §2 defines principals. §3 defines and provides punishment for accessory after the fact, while §4 defines and provides punishment for misprision of felony. §5 defines "United States," §6 defines "department" and "agency," §7 defines "special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States," §8 defines "obligation or other security of the United States," §9 defines "vessel of the United States," §10 defines "interstate commerce" and "foreign commerce," §11 defines foreign government, and §12 defines "United States Postal Service." §13 deals with laws of states adopted for areas within federal jurisdiction. §14 is repealed. §15 defines "obligation or other security of foreign government" and §16 defines "Crime of violence."
- §17 deals with the insanity defense, defining it as "an affirmative defense to a prosecution under any Federal statute that, at the time of the commission of the acts constituting the offense, the defendant, as a result of a severe mental disease or defect, was unable to appreciate the nature and quality or the wrongfulness of his acts," that "mental disease or defect does not otherwise constitute a defense," and that "the defendant has the burden of proving the defense of insanity by clear and convincing evidence."
- §18 defines "organization," §19 defines "petty offense," §20 defines "financial institution," §21 defines "stolen or counterfeit nature of property for certain crimes," § 23.1 defines "court of the United States." §24 provides "definitions relating to Federal health care offense." §25 deals with the "use of minors in crimes of violence."
- Chapter 2: Aircraft and Motor Vehicles
- This chapter deals with aircraft and motor vehicles. §31 is definitions. §32 is "crime of destruction of aircraft or aircraft facilities," §33 is "destruction of motor vehicles or motor vehicle facilities," §34 is "penalty when death results," and §35 is "imparting or conveying false information." §36 deals with drive-by shooting. §37 is "violence at international airports." §38 deals with "fraud involving aircraft or space vehicle parts in interstate or foreign commerce." § 39.1 prohibits unauthorized traffic signal preemption transmitters, while an additional § 39.1 requires commercial vehicles to stop for inspections.
- Chapter 3: Animals, Birds, Fish, and Plants
- §41 prohibits hunting, fishing, trapping, or disturbance or injury to birds, fish, or wildlife in any protected areas of the United States, and provides a penalty of a fine under this title or imprisonment up to six months, or both.
- §42 is titled "importation or shipment of injurious mammals, birds, fish (including mollusks and crustacea), amphibia, and reptiles; permits, specimens for museums; regulations." It prohibits the import of harmful or invasive species, including Herpestes auropunctatus, bats of the genus Pteropus, the zebra mussel, and the brown tree snake, and authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to bar other harmful species. The section also provides exemptions.
- §43 is titled "animal enterprise terrorism" and prohibits intentional disruption or harm to "animal enterprises" through interstate or foreign commerce, and provides various penalties.
- §44 and §45 are repealed. §46 bars the transportation of the invasive plants alligator weed, water caltrop, and Eichhornia crassipes, and provides for a penalty of a fine under this title, or imprisonment up to six months, or both.
- §47 prohibits the use of an aircraft or motor vehicle to hunt any "wild unbranded horse, mare, colt, or burro running at large on any of the public land or ranges" and prohibits the pollution of any watering hole on any of the public land or ranges for the purpose of hunting any of the named animals, and provides for a penalty of a fine under this title, or imprisonment up to six months, or both, for each offense.
- §48 prohibits the possession of any depiction of animal cruelty with the intention of placing that depiction in interstate or foreign commerce for commercial gain, and provides a penalty of a fine under this title, or imprisonment up to five years, or both, and excepts any depiction that has "serious religious, political, scientific, educational, journalistic, historical, or artistic value."
- Chapter 5: Arson
- This chapter deals with arson. It has only one section, §81, which defines arson, attempted arson, or conspiracy to commit arson, and provides a penalty of imprisonment for up to 25 years, the greater of the fine under this title or the cost of repairing or replacing any property that is damaged or destroyed, or both. It also provides that if the building is a dwelling or if the life of any person is placed in jeopardy, the penalty shall be a fine under this title, imprisonment for "any term of years or for life," or both.
- Chapter 7: Assault
- This chapter deals with assault. §111 prohibits "assaulting, resisting, or impeding" officers,employees and Law Enforcement Explorers of the United States while engaged in or on account of the performance of official duties, and the assault or intimidation of "any person who formerly served" as an officers or employees of the United States "on account of the performance of official duties during such person's term of service." The section provides for a penalty for simple assault of a fine, imprisonment for up to one year, or both, and a penalty in all other cases of a fine, imprisonment for up to eight years, or both. An enhanced penalty of a fine or imprisonment for up to 20 years is provided for if a "deadly or dangerous weapon" is used or if bodily injury is inflicted.
- §112 is "protection of foreign officials, official guests, and internationally protected persons." It prohibits assaulting or causing harm to a "foreign official, official guest, or internationally protected person" or "any other violent attack upon the person or liberty of such person," and provides a penality of a fine, imprisonment of up to three years, or both, and an enhanced penalty of a fine or imprisonment of up to 10 years, or both, if a deadly or dangerous weapon" is used or if bodily injury is inflicted. §112 also prohibits "[i]ntimidating, coercing, threatening, or harassing a foreign official or an official guest, or obstructing a foreign official in the performance of his duties," or an attempt to do so, and additionally prohibits two or more people congregating within 100 feet of any building being used "for diplomatic, consular, or residential purposes" by foreign officials or international organization, "with intent to violate any other provision of this section," and provides for a fine, imprisonment up to six months, or both. The section also provides that "Nothing contained in this section shall be construed or applied so as to abridge the exercise of rights" guaranteed under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.
- §113 provides punishments for assault within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States: for assault with intent to commit murder, imprisonment for not more than 20 years; for assault with intent to commit any felony except murder or a felony under chapter 109A, by a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than ten years, or both; for assault with a dangerous weapon, with intent to do bodily harm, and without just cause or excuse, by a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than ten years, or both; for assault by striking, beating, or wounding, by a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than six months, or both; simple assault, by a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than six months, or both, or if the victim of the assault is an individual who has not attained the age of 16 years, by fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or both; assault resulting in serious bodily injury, by a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than ten years, or both; assault resulting in substantial bodily injury to an individual who has not attained the age of 16 years, by fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than 5 years, or both.
- §113 also defines "substantial bodily injury" as bodily injury which involves a temporary but substantial disfigurement, or a temporary but substantial loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member, organ, or mental faculty, and defines "serious bodily injury" as the meaning given that term in section 1365 of this title.
- §114, makes it a crime within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States to, with intent to torture (as defined in section 2340), and provides that whoever shall "maim, disfigure, cuts, bites, or slits the nose, ear, or lip, or cuts out or disables the tongue, or puts out or destroys an eye, or cuts off or disables a limb or any member of another person; or whoever, within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States, and with like intent, throws or pours upon another person, any scalding water, corrosive acid, or caustic substance shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both."
- §115. Influencing, impeding, or retaliating against a Federal official by threatening or injuring a family member
- § 116. Female genital mutilation to minors
- § 117. Domestic assault by an habitual offender
- Chapter 9: Bankruptcy
- Chapter 10: Biological weapons
- Chapter 11: Bribery, Graft, and Conflicts of Interest
- Chapter 11A: Child Support
- Chapter 11B: Chemical Weapons
- Chapter 12: Civil Disorders
- Chapter 13: Civil Rights
- Chapter 15: Claims and Services in Matters Affecting Government
- Chapter 17: Coins and Currency
- Chapter 17A: Common Carrier under the Influence of Alcohol or Drugs
- Chapter 18: Congressional, Cabinet, and Supreme Court Assassination, Kidnapping, and Assault
- Chapter 19: Conspiracy
- Chapter 21: Contempts
- Chapter 23: Contracts
- Chapter 25: Counterfeiting and Forgery
- Chapter 26: Criminal Street Gangs
- Chapter 27: Customs
- Chapter 29: Elections and Political Activities
- Chapter 31: Embezzlement and Theft
- Chapter 33: Emblems, Insignia, and Names
- §700 deals with flag desecration.
- §701 prohibits the unauthorized manufacture, sale, or possession of official badges, identification cards or other insignia.
- §702 prohibits the unauthorized wear of the uniforms of the armed forces and Public Health Service, or of limitations.
- §703 likewise prohibits the unauthorized wear of uniforms of foreign friendly nations with "intent to deceive or mislead."
- §704 prohibits the unauthorized wear, manufacture, or sale of awards and decorations of the United States military, with special provisions increasing the penalty if the award is the Medal of Honor,
- Chapter 35: Escape and Rescue
- Chapter 37: Espionage and Censorship
- Chapter 39: Explosives and Other Dangerous Articles
- Chapter 40: Importation, Manufacture, Distribution and Storage of Explosive Materials
- Chapter 41: Extortion and Threats (including threats against the President of the United States)
- Chapter 42: Extortionate Credit Transactions
- Chapter 43: False Personation
- Chapter 44: Firearms
- Chapter 45: Foreign Relations Threats
- Chapter 46: Forfeiture (§§ 981—987)
- Chapter 47: Fraud and False Statements
- Chapter 49: Fugitives From Justice
- Chapter 51: Homicide
- Chapter 53: Indians
- Chapter 55: Kidnapping
- Chapter 57: Labor
- Chapter 59: Liquor Traffic
- Chapter 60: Illegal Grocery Delivery
- Chapter 61: Lotteries
- Chapter 63: Mail Fraud
- §1341 targets frauds and swindles.
- §1342 applies to fictitious name or address.
- §1343 applies to fraud by wire, radio, or television.
- §1344 applies to bank fraud.
- §1345 provides for injunctions against fraud.
- §1346 is a single sentence: "For the purposes of this chapter, the term "scheme or artifice to defraud" includes a scheme or artifice to deprive another of the intangible right of honest services.
- §1347 targets health care fraud.
- §1348 targets securities fraud.
- §1349 is a single sentence: "Any person who attempts or conspires to commit any offense under this chapter shall be subject to the same penalties as those prescribed for the offense, the commission of which was the object of the attempt or conspiracy."
- §1350 was introduced by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and applies to failure of corporate officers to certify financial reports.
- Chapter 65: Malicious Mischief
- Chapter 67: Military and Navy
- Chapter 68: [Repealed]
- Chapter 69: Nationality and Citizenship
- Chapter 71: Obscenity
- Chapter 73: Obstruction of Justice
- Chapter 74: Partial-Birth Abortions
- Chapter 75: Passports and Visas
- Chapter 77: Peonage, Slavery, and Trafficking in Persons
- Chapter 79: Perjury
- Chapter 81: Piracy and Privateering
- Chapter 83: Postal Service
- Chapter 84: Presidential and Presidential Staff Assassination, Kidnapping, and Assault
- Chapter 85: Prison-Made Goods
- Chapter 87: Prisons
- Chapter 88: Privacy
- Chapter 89: Professions and Occupations
- Chapter 90: Protection of Trade Secrets
- Chapter 90a: Protection of Unborn Children
- Chapter 91: Public Lands
- Chapter 93: Public Officers and Employees
- Chapter 95: Racketeering
- Chapter 96: Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations
- Chapter 97: Railroads
- Chapter 99: [Repealed]
- Chapter 101: Records and Reports
- Chapter 102: Riots
- Chapter 103: Robbery and Burglary
- Chapter 105: Sabotage
- Chapter 107: Seamen and Stowaways
- Chapter 109: Searches and seizures
- Chapter 109a: Sexual Abuse
- Chapter 110: Sexual Exploitation and Other Abuse of Children
- Chapter 110a: Domestic Violence and Stalking
- Chapter 111: Seamen Shipping
- Chapter 113: Stolen Property
- Chapter 113a: Telemarketing Fraud
- Chapter 113b: Terrorism
- Chapter 113c: Torture
- Chapter 114: Trafficking in Contraband Cigarettes
- Chapter 115: Treason, Sedition, and Subversive Activities
- Chapter 117: Transportation for Illegal Sexual Activity and Related Crimes
- Chapter 118: War Crimes
- Chapter 119: Wire and Electronic Communications Interception and Interception of Oral Communications
- Chapter 121: Stored Wire and Electronic Communications and Transactional Records Access
- Chapter 123: Prohibition on Release and Use of Certain Personal Information from State Motor Vehicle Records
Part II - Criminal Procedure
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 201: General Provisions
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 203: Arrest and Commitment
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 204: Rewards for Information Concerning Terrorist Acts and Espionage
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 205: Searches and Seizures
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 206: Pen Registers and Trap and Trace Devices
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 207: Release and Detention Pending Judicial Proceedings
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 208: Speedy Trial
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 209: Extradition
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 211: Jurisdiction and Venue
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 212: Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 212a: Extraterritorial Jurisdiction over Certain Trafficking In Persons Offenses
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 213: Limitations
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 215: Grand Jury
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 216: Special Grand Jury
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 217: Indictment and Information
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 219: Trial by United States Magistrate Judges
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 221: Arraignment, Pleas and Trial
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 223: Witnesses and Evidence
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 224: Protection of Witnesses
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 225: Verdict
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 227: Sentences
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 228: Death Sentence
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 228a: Post-Conviction DNA Testing
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 229: Postsentence Administration
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 231: [Repealed]
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 232: Miscellaneous Sentencing Provisions
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 232a: Special Forfeiture of Collateral Profits of Crime
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 233: Contempts
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 237: Crime Victims Rights
Part III -Prisons and Prisoners
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 301: General Provisions
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 303: Bureau of Prisons
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 305: Commitment and Transfer
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 306: Transfer To or From Foreign Countries
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 307: Employment
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 309: [Repealed]
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 311: [Repealed]
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 313: Offenders with Mental Disease or Defect
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 314: [Repealed]
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 315: Discharge and Release Payments
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 317: Institutions for Women
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 319: National Institute of Corrections
Part IV - Correction of Youthful Offenders
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 401: General provisions
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 402: (repealed)
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 403: Juvenile delinquency
Part V - Immunity of Witnesses
- 18 U.S.C. ch. 601: Immunity of Witnesses
Repealed by Congress February 1, 2010. (Counter-evidence: keyword search at http://thomas.loc.gov with FullTextOfBill and Congress#111 returns no matches. Rather than just a raw date, instead supply H.R.3288.ENR or equivalent detailed reference; even a URL to a generic news story would lead to such details quickly.)
This statute covers a specific way to satisfy the 5th amendment (right to silence as a form of protection against self-incrimination) to the Constitution, but still force witnesses to testify. Basically, if a witness — whether in a federal court such as the Supreme Court or in testimony before a Congressional subcommittee — refuses to answer questions and pleads the 5th, the presiding officer can use the provisions of Title 18 Chapter 601 to forcibly compel the witness to answer the questions. Since this would violate the 5th amendment rights of the witness, the statute requires that the presiding officer must mandatorily preserve those rights, by guaranteeing the witness immunity from prosecution for anything they might truthfully say under such compulsion. (The witness is being compelled to answer the questions truthfully — if they lie, they can be tried in court for perjury, but as long as they tell the truth, they are immune from being personally prosecuted for anything they might say — which is the reverse of the usual situation, where anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law.)
Actually giving a particular witness guaranteed immunity as a means to compelling their testimony is somewhat involved; the details of how it is done vary depending on the particular branch of government hearing the testimony. If the witness is testifying before an agency (includes Army/Navy/AirForce/VA/DOD/HomeSec/StateDept, FCC/FTC, DOT/NTSB, DOE/NRC/COP/DeptOfTheInterior, SEC/CFTC/FedBoard/FDIC, NLRB/LaborDept/CommerceDept/AgDept, DOJ/Treasury, and many others), the presiding officer for the agency needs approval from the federal Attorney General before they can grant a witness immunity and compel testimony. In court cases, the federal district attorney (for the particular federal district court which has jurisdiction in the case) needs approval from either the federal attorney general directly or from a specific set of the federal attorney general's underlings. In the case of testimony before congress, the body hearing the testimony must vote on whether or not to give immunity as a means to compel testimony, before getting a federal district court to issue to compulsion order; for a subcommittee, two-thirds of the full membership must vote affirmative, whereas for testimony before an entire house of congress a simple majority of members present voting affirmative is acceptable. Although congress must notify the federal attorney general 10 days in advance of submitting their request for compulsion to the federal district court, the AG cannot veto the order (but they can at their option instruct the federal district court to delay issuing the compulsion order for a period up to 20 days total).
- U.S. Code Title 18, via United States Government Printing Office
- U.S. Code Title 18, via Cornell University
- text of Title 18 Chapter 601 Immunity for witnesses, via findlaw.com
- http://witnesses.uslegal.com/immunity, on the reasoning behind immunity guarantees
- How to incriminate yourself on the stand without getting in trouble, Jan 2008, by Harlan Protass, on Slate.com; retrieved 2011-11-02.
NOTE: TITLE 18 ALSO DEALS WITH SOCIAL SECURITY [!]
Social Security Online
Compilation of the Social Security Laws
TITLE XVIII—HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED
TABLE OF CONTENTS OF TITLE
Part A—Hospital Insurance Benefits for the Aged and Disabled
Part B—Supplementary Medical Insurance Benefits for the Aged and Disabled
Part C—MEDICARE+CHOICE PROGRAM
Part D—Voluntary Prescription Drug Benefit Program
Subpart 1—Part D Eligible Individuals and Prescription Drug Benefits
Subpart 2—Prescription Drug Plans; PDP Sponsors; Financing
Subpart 3—Application to Medicare Advantage Program and Treatment of Employer-Sponsored Programs and Other Prescription Drug Plans
Subpart 4—Medicare Prescription Drug Discount Card and Transitional Assistance Program
Subpart 5—Definitions and Miscellaneous Provisions
Part E—Miscellaneous Provisions
 Title XVIII of the Social Security Act is administered by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
Title XVIII appears in the United States Code as §§1395-1395ccc, subchapter XVIII, chapter 7, Title 42.
Regulations of the Secretary of Health and Human Services relating to Title XVIII are contained in chapter IV, Title 42, and in subtitle A, Title 45, Code of Federal Regulations.
See Vol. II, 31 U.S.C. 3716(c)(3)(D), with respect to the application of administrative offset provisions to Medicare provider or supplier payments; P.L. 78-410, §353(i)(3) and (n), with respect to clinical laboratories; P.L. 88-352, §601, for prohibition against discrimination in Federally assisted programs; P.L. 89-73, §§203 and 422(c), with respect to consultation with respect to programs and services for the aged; P.L. 93-288, §312(d), with respect to exclusion from income and resources of certain Federal major disaster and emergency assistance; P.L. 97-248, §119, with respect to private sector review initiative and restriction against recovery from beneficiaries; P.L. 98-369, §2355, with respect to waivers for social health maintenance organizations; P.L. 99-177, §257(b)(3) and (c)(3), with respect to the calculation of the baseline; P.L. 99-272, §9220, with respect to extension, terms, conditions, and period of approval of the extension of On Lok waiver; and §9215, with respect to the extension of certain medicare health services demonstration projects; P.L. 99-319, §105, with respect to systems requirements; P.L. 99-509, §9339(d) with respect to State standards for directors of clinical laboratories; §9342 with respect to Alzheimer’s disease demonstration projects; §9353(a)(4) with respect to a small-area analysis; and §9412 with respect to the waiver authority for chronically mentally ill and frail elderly; P.L. 99-660, Title IV, with respect to professional review activities; P.L. 100-203, §4008(d)(3), with respect to a report regarding hospital outlier payments; P.L. 100-204, §724(d), with respect to furnishing information to the United States Commission on Improving the Effectiveness of the United Nations; and §725(b), with respect to the detailing of Government personnel; P.L. 100-235, §§5–8, with respect to responsibilities of each Federal agency for computer systems security and privacy; P.L. 100-383, §§105(f)(2) and 206(d)(2), with respect to exclusions from income and resources of certain payments to certain individuals; P.L. 100-581, §§501, 502(b)(1), and 503, with respect to exclusion from income and resources of certain judgment funds; P.L. 100-647, §8411, with respect to treatment of certain nursing education programs; P.L. 100-690, §5301(a)(1)(C) and (d)(1)(B), with respect to benefits of drug traffickers and possessors; P.L. 100-713, §712, with respect to the provision of services in Montana; P.L. 101-121, with respect to the amounts collected by the Secretary of Health and Human Services under the authority of title IV of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act; P.L. 101-239, §6025, with respect to a dentist’s serving as hospital medical director; §6205(a)(1)(A) and (a)(2), with respect to recognition of costs of certain hospital-based nursing schools; P.L. 104-191, §261, with respect to purpose of administrative simplification; P.L. 106-554, §1(a)(6) , with respect to cancer prevention and treatment demonstrations for ethnic and racial minorities; and  with respect to a lifestyle modification program demonstration; P.L. 110-275, §186, with respect to a demonstration project to improve care to previously uninsured; P.L. 111-148, §1103, with respect to immediate information that allows consumers to identify affordable coverage options; §2602, with respect to providing Federal coverage and payment coordination for dual eligible beneficiaries; P.L. 111-240, §4241, with respect to the use of predictive modeling and other analytics technologies to identify and prevent waste, fraud, and abuse in the medicare fee-for-service program, and P.L. 111-309, §206, with respect to funding for claims reprocessing.
 This table of contents does not appear in the law.